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Domestic comedy "Be Somebody" leads Chinese box office******
BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- Domestic comedy-suspense film "Be Somebody" continued to lead the Chinese mainland box office chart on Saturday, data from the China Movie Data Information Network showed Sunday.。
The film follows a group of frustrated filmmakers who gather to plan on a new film about a notorious criminal case. It raked in 51.32 million yuan (about 8.01 million U.S. dollars) on its third day of screening.。
"Anita," a biopic that recounts the life story of legendary Hong Kong singer and actress Anita Mui, netted 15.47 million yuan on its second screening day and took second place on the chart.。
War epic film "The Battle at Lake Changjin" ranked third with 14.24 million yuan, raising its total box office to 5.62 billion yuan one and a half months after its debut. Enditem。
In this file photo taken on June 4, 2021, Jack Dorsey, CEO of Twitter and co-founder & CEO of Square, attends the cryptocurrency conference Bitcoin 2021 Convention at the Mana Convention Center in Miami, Florida.。
Twitter co-founder and CEO Jack Dorsey announced on Monday he was leaving the company, after steering the social network during the tumult of Donald Trump's presidency and surviving an activist investor's ouster bid in 2020.。
Dorsey, who is also chief executive of payments company Square, was confronted during his tenure by thorny freedom of speech questions, challenges to making the platform profitable and criticism he had spread himself too thin.。
With his recognizable look of a shaved head, long beard and unconventional style, Dorsey for years embodied Twitter.。
"I want you all to know that this was my decision and I own it. It was a tough one for me, of course," he wrote in an e-mail to Twitter staff announcing his resignation as CEO, which was effective immediately.。
"There aren't many companies that get to this level. And there aren't many founders that choose their company over their own ego," he added.。
The company said Twitter's Chief Technology Officer Parag Agrawal has replaced Dorsey in the top post, with Dorsey saying he would remain a member of the board until around May to help with the transition.。
"And after that... I'll leave the board," Dorsey wrote. "Why not stay or become chair? I believe it's really important to allow Parag the space he needs to lead."
Nasdaq briefly suspended trading of Twitter on Monday, citing "news pending," and after some volatility, the price was down over 2.5 percent for the day.。
Like many Silicon Valley celebrities, from Mark Zuckerberg and Steve Jobs to Bill Gates or Michael Dell, Dorsey dropped out of college, never graduating from either of the universities he attended, one in his native Missouri and the other in New York.。
Dorsey is credited with coming up with the idea for Twitter when eventual co-founder Evan Williams gave workers at blogging startup Odeo two weeks to work on new projects as a way to break up the daily routine.。
He ran Twitter from 2007 to 2008 and returned later as CEO after Dick Costolo resigned in June 2015.。
With Dorsey at the helm, Twitter reported its first profitable quarter for the last three months of 2017, and then two full years in the green, before slipping back into the red in 2020.。
Twitter in March 2020 made a deal with key investors to end an effort to oust the chief, creating a new committee on the board of directors to keep tabs on company leadership.。
Dorsey came under pressure in 2020 from Elliott Management amid concerns he had spread himself too thin by running both Twitter and Square.。
During Trump's presidency, which ended in January this year, Twitter was widely seen as the medium used to broadcast America's deepening political and cultural rifts.。
Dorsey took the controversial decision to permanently ban Trump from the platform, where the former president had amassed 88.7 million followers.。
Dorsey made the decision days after Trump whipped up a mob of supporters who stormed the US Capitol, where they tried to prevent Joe Biden being confirmed winner of the 2020 election.。
Twitter's incoming CEO Agrawal joined the company in 2011 and has served as chief technology officer since October 2017, where he was responsible for the network's technical strategy.。
Dorsey cited Agrawal's understanding of the company as key to his decision to step down.。
"There's a lot of talk about the importance of a company being 'founder led.' Ultimately, I believe that's severely limiting and a single point of failure," Dorsey wrote to Twitter staff.。
Agrawal holds a PhD in computer science from Stanford University and a bachelor's degree in computer science and engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay.。
"We recently updated our strategy to hit ambitious goals, and I believe that strategy to be bold and right," he wrote in his own message to staff.。
The world's wealthiest people make a huge contribution to climate change through carbon-hungry activities. How can we reduce emissions from the rich?
In 2018, Stefan Gössling and his team spent months scouring the social media profiles of some of the richest celebrities, from Paris Hilton to Oprah Winfrey. The tourism professor from Linnaeus University in Sweden was looking for evidence of how much they were flying.
瑞典林奈大学的旅游教授格斯令（Stefan Gössling ）和他所领导的研究小组2018年用了几个月时间搜索美国名媛帕丽斯·希尔顿（Paris Hilton）和媒体名人奥普拉（Operah Winfrey）等全球最富有名人在他们社交媒体上的资料，寻找他们乘搭飞机次数的证据。
The answer was a lot. Bill Gates, one of the world's most high-profile environmental advocates, took 59 flights in 2017, according to Gössling's calculations, covering a distance of around 343,500km (213,000 miles) – more than eight times around the world – generating more than 1,600 tonnes of greenhouse gases (that's equivalent to the average yearly emissions of 105 Americans).
The last few decades have shone a spotlight on global inequality. From the 2008 financial crisis, to the pandemic and the increasingly severe impacts of climate change – disruptive events tend to hit the poorest first and hardest.
But in debates about how to solve inequality, over-consumption is often overlooked. "Each unit you overshoot means someone has to give [something] up," says Lewis Akenji, managing director of Hot or Cool Institute, a Berlin-based think tank. As a result, the outsized carbon footprints of society's richest entrench inequality and threaten the world's ability to stave off catastrophic climate change.
不过在如何解决“碳排放不平等”的争议方面，人们通常会忽略富裕者的超高碳消费这一点。位于德国柏林的地球暖化问题研究智库——气候暖化问题研究所（Hot or Cool Institute）的负责人阿肯吉（Lewis Akenji）表示：“你每排放一个单位的碳，就意味着必须有人失去（一点东西)”。而结果是，社会上最富有的人产生的巨大碳足迹强化了贫富差距，威胁着全球抵御灾难性气候变化的能力。
Who is the 1%?
When we think of "the rich", we might think of millionaires and billionaires with private jets and multiple mansions.
But an income of $38,000 (£27,500) is enough to put someone in the world's richest 10%, and $109,000 (£79,000) puts them in the top 1%.
但实际只要年收入达到 $3.8万美元已属于全球 10%的最富有者，达到$10.9万美元则进入顶端 1%的最富圈子。
The statistics are startling. The world's wealthiest 10% were responsible for around half of global emissions in 2015, according to a 2020 report from Oxfam and the Stockholm Environment Institute. The top 1% were responsible for 15% of emissions, nearly twice as much as the world's poorest 50%, who were responsible for just 7% and will feel the brunt of climate impacts despite bearing the least responsibility for causing them.
As the rich race through the remaining "carbon budget" – the amount of greenhouse gas it's possible to emit without pushing the world beyond 1.5C of warming by the end of the century – they "aren't making the space for the bottom 50% of the population to grow their emissions to the point where they're actually getting their needs met", says Emily Ghosh, a staff scientist at the Stockholm Environment Institute.
Dario Kenner, the author of Carbon Inequality: The Role of the Richest in Climate Change, coined the term "polluter elite" to describe the wealthiest in society who invest extensively in fossil fuels, as well as having a strong climate impact from their high-carbon lifestyles. But while the polluter elite have a disproportionate impact, the world's wealthiest encompasses a much broader swathe of the population.
《碳排放不平等：地球最富有者在气候变化中的角色》(Carbon Inequality: the Role of the Richest in Climate Change)一书的作者肯纳（Dario Kenner）发明了“污染精英”（polluter elite）这个词，用来指大量投资化石燃料，或高碳生活方式对气候产生巨大影响的最富有社会阶层。但是，虽然污染精英人数很少，对气候的影响却很大，不过所谓世界上最富有者的涵盖面比我们所想的要大很多。
As things stand, most people in wealthy countries are consuming in ways that are accelerating climate catastrophe. When you take into account the emissions from imported goods, the average person in the UK emits 8.5 tonnes of carbon a year according to the Hot or Cool Institute, a figure that rises to 14.2 tonnes in Canada, the country with highest emissions among those the institute surveyed. In order to stay within 1.5C of warming, these figures need to come down dramatically to 0.7 tonnes per person by 2050.
Personal consumption is a thorny topic to address. It can quickly spiral into a well-worn debate about whether tackling climate change hinges on individual actions or systemic changes from governments and corporations.
"This is a false dichotomy," says Akenji. "Lifestyles don't exist in a vacuum, lifestyles are shaped by context." People live their lives within the mostly unsustainable political and economic systems that exist. But, without addressing the lifestyles of the wealthiest and most polluting in our societies, and the power they hold, we won't be able to address climate change.
"Wealthy people set the tone on consumption to which everybody aspires. That's where the toxic effects are," says Halina Szejnwald Brown, professor emerita of environmental science and policy at Clark University in the US.
美国克拉克大学（Clark University）环境科学与政策名誉教授布朗（Halina Szejnwald Brown）表示，富人的消费模式引起人人仿效，这就是毒性影响之所在。"
Take aviation. "As soon as you fly, you belong to a global elite," says Gössling. More than 90% of people have never flown and just 1% of the world's population is responsible for 50% of emissions from flying. From the business elite crisscrossing the globe to the celebrities who have made travel part of their personal brands, their behaviour has helped make a high carbon lifestyle aspirational and desirable, says Gössling.
The SUVs that ferry around presidents, business leaders and celebrities – and increasingly middle class families in cities – have also become a status symbol despite their environmental impact. Making up 42% of global car sales in 2019, SUVs were the only sector to see emissions rise in 2020. The increase in people buying SUVs last year effectively cancelled out the climate gains of electric cars.
Bigger homes are another consumption hotspot. "Housing choices signify prestige and social status," writes Kimberly Nicholas, a sustainability scientist at Lund University, and her co-authors in a recent study on the role of wealthy people in driving climate change. In Europe, nearly 11% of emissions from housing came from the top 1% of emitters who own large – and often multiple – homes.
豪宅巨室是另一项热门的豪华消费。针对富人在气候变化所起作用，瑞典隆德大学（Lund University）可持续发展科学家尼古拉斯（Kimberly Nicholas ）最近做了一项研究，她同合著者在研究报告中指出，“住宅的选择彰显一个人的名望和社会地位。”在欧洲，近11%的住房碳排放来自于拥有大型（通常是多套）豪宅的1%的顶端富豪。
The last few years, however, have seen social norms start to shift. In Sweden, Thunberg's activism helped inspire flygskam (the Swedish word for "flight shame"), a concept which led people to question how much they should be flying. The movement was linked to a 4% drop in the number of people flying from Sweden's airports in 2018 – a rare fall at a time when global passenger numbers were increasing.
Covid-19, which dramatically curtailed business travel, proved that video calls can replace in-person meetings. A Bloomberg survey found 84% of businesses plan to spend less on work travel post-pandemic.
But these changes are too gradual for the emergency we are in, says Kenner: "We're going past climate tipping points and species are going extinct." The issue is about speed, and for that government action is necessary, he says.
For example, proceeds from a frequent flyer tax could be invested into a cheaper or even free public transport system, and money from a "mansion tax" could be put towards insulating houses, bringing down levels of fuel poverty. The problem, though, is if the richest can simply absorb these costs and continue as before.
Another policy idea that's gaining popularity is "choice editing", where governments restrict carbon-intensive products – like private jets or mega yachts – from coming to market in the first place. The idea is low-carbon options, many of which already exist, will fill the gap.
Choice editing may sound radical but it's not new, says Akenji. The UK government, for example, uses choice editing on public safety grounds to ban the sale of guns or cars with no seatbelts. "Undoing unsustainable behaviours is a whole lot harder than preventing unsustainable products from coming to market in the first place," concluded an April report on behaviour change co-authored by Newell.
But even as time runs out for tackling climate change, many governments baulk at behaviour-change policies fearing they will be politically toxic to voters and unpalatable to the rich. The control that the wealthiest have over governments through lobbying and hefty donations gives them huge influence to dilute climate action and shape the choices available for everyone, says Kenner. "There's this other future, this alternative future, which is being denied on a daily basis," he says.
For all the policies that target the behaviour of consumers, ultimately, it's very hard to bring down emissions if the infrastructure isn't there for people to live low-carbon lives. "There's a lot that needs to go into building a more sustainable society and it's beyond just reducing private jets and luxury yachts," says Ghosh.
Some governments are making big changes. The Welsh government has suspended investment in new road building to meet emissions targets, the Netherlands has proposed cutting livestock numbers by 30% to reduce pollution and councils in UK cities such as Norwich and Exeter have started building energy-efficient social housing.
Others have targeted the role of advertising in driving unsustainable consumption. "People try to stake out their place in society by distinguishing themselves from those that are below them," says Brown, and advertising "builds its entire industry on this insecurity." In 2021, Amsterdam banned adverts for emissions-intensive products including SUVs and cheap short-haul flights, following in the footsteps of cities such as São Paulo and Chennai, which have banned or strictly limited billboard advertising.
"But this is really not enough," says Akenji. The pace is glacial and the world is running out of time. Governments need to overhaul infrastructure, he says, putting sustainability at the heart of policy. That means creating fast, extensive and affordable public transport networks; decarbonising electricity; building denser, well-insulated housing; banning the use of gas-powered cars; and considering measures such as a four-day working week.
Governments and the wealthy, with their outsized role in influencing social norms, can also help to change the narrative that climate action is all about loss of personal freedom and quality of life. "The sad thing about this is that things that have been shown to be more sustainable for the environment are almost always better for our own wellbeing and social cohesion," says Akenji.
"No one gets up in the morning and says, 'I'm going to wreck the environment'," says Akenji. People consume for many reasons: to meet their needs, to show affection, to feel good or because they feel pressured into it by advertising or social expectations.
Very few people ever really question their consumption, says Brown. "These are pretty deep questions: 'Who am I and what do I need for a good life?' I mean, how many people want to sit down and actually ask that question?"
Individual actions won't be enough to tackle climate change, says Akenji, and guilt and shame won't help. But choices and actions do matter. "I think we should all become political activists in one way or another," he says. "What we're going to do is very deliberately and decisively go after our governments and ask them to live up to their commitments."
Roma conquers Spezia in Serie A******
ROME, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Headers from Chris Smalling and Roger Ibanez proved decisive for Roma, as the Italian Serie A outfit ended its losing streak by dominating Spezia 2-0 on Monday.。
Jose Mourinho's side was coming off two consecutive defeats domestically and in a dire need of a victory.。
The home side went ahead just five minutes into the game, as Jordan Veretout's corner was nodded by Tammy Abraham and Smalling followed to head in.。
Roma doubled the lead 10 minutes after the break through another corner when Ibanez met Veretout's assist for a bullet header.。
The only down side for the Giallorossi was Afena Gyan Felix's red card in the stoppages time, as the starlet's goal was canceled for a deliberate handball and the referee sent him off after another yellow card.。
With the win, Roma ranks sixth place with 28 points, and Juventus dropped to seventh on inferior goal difference. Enditem。